Welcome To Suicide Intervention First Aid (SIFA)

SIFA is a research platform, from which a range of promising suicide prevention initiatives are systematically implemented and evaluated.

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Globally, suicide is recorded as the 2nd leading cause of death for those aged 15 to 29 years old. It is estimated that approximately 800,000 people take their own lives annually, equating to one every 40 seconds. Based upon the predicted figure, it is expected that by the year 2020, over 2% of the global burden of disease will be attributed to suicide.

Though these statistics are staggering, international suicide rates are argued to be under-represented due in part to variations in legal frameworks, societal attitudes, religious beliefs, and forensic resources. It is estimated that with each death attributed to suicide, there are approximately 20 people who attempt to take their life, and attempted suicide is said to be one of the strongest predictors of subsequent death by suicide.

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According to the Office for National Statistics, within the United Kingdom, 6,507 deaths were registered as suicide in 2018, a statistically significant increase of 686 (11.8%) from the 5,821 suicides registered in 2017.

Moreover, suicide is identified as being the leading cause of death in the United Kingdom for people between the ages of 20 and 35 years, and for males aged between 35 and 49 years. In the UK, males are three times more likely to take their own lives than females. A similar theme was highlighted when auditing admissions into major trauma centres for attempted suicide, which found that hospitalisation through attempted suicide was also more common amongst males than females. It is, however, concerning that the suicide rate among females is increasing and it is at its highest rate in a decade.

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